The Samhain Parshell
The Parshell is an important Irish craft as it is the cross which keeps the evil spirits away from your door on Samhain (Halloween) and keeps the barn animals safe the year round. While you want to welcome the good spirits that walk the earth at Samhain you want to be sure to guard against the bad spirits or the spirits of your enemies! So get the Parshell made and on your door right away! Instructions
To learn more of Samhain customs go here

Source:Kevin Danaher, The Year in Ireland

1. Two sticks- 1-2  feet long.about 1/2 inch diameter
     at most.
2. Tape or string to tie the sticks together.
3. Wheaten straw, similar plant material or paper
    twist (I use green,purple and tan colored twist).

1. Fasten the two sticks together securely at
    right angles to form a cross.(use tape or string)
2. If using twist -untwist it and flatten it out but
    not too flat-it should resemble corn stalk/husk.
3. Attach twist or stalks to underside of one of
    the sticks or if using straw: wedge it under one
    and over the other stick starting in the center.
4. Moving clockwise weave the twist or straw over
    one stick and under the next going around the
    cross. Stop before you get to the ends of the 
    sticks- a few inches of stick should be exposed.
5. If using twist try to use two or three colors
    attaching one to the next as you go.
Now you have your Parshell What do you do
with it?
On Oct. 31 make the Parshell and place it over
the front doorway on the inside. The powers to ward 
off ill-luck sickness, and witchcraft and evil spirits only
lasts one year. You can only make a new one on Oct.31. 
When you take the old one down you must take care to
shout: Fonstarenheehy. Take the old one out and
put it in the barn or garage over the car as its power
is still good to help the animals and perhaps even
protect the car in the new year.
Once you get your Parshell up you can carve your
turnip head! Go here
How did you do? Let me know! 
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