The  Book  of Guy Fawkes  Day, And its Bonfire Night, Volume VII, Fawkes Fixins! Effigies, Bonfires, Torches Food and All the Rest! BOOM !


Author: Conrad Jay Bladey

Publication date:Paper: c. September 30, 2015, Kindle Edition: 9/4/15

Publisher: Hutman Productions

Pages:601, Well Illustrated
 ISBN 978-0-9854486-8-4

©2015
Conrad Bladey, Hutman Productions

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Description
An anthropological study of the history and evolution of the artifacts of celebration used to construct and sustain celebrations of the Great Deliverance from the Gunpowder Plot of 1605: Guy Fawkes Day, Bonfire Night. Includes an analysis of the effigy tradition, and origins of the Guy Fawkes Mask. Other topics include: processions, fireworks, bonfires, music and recipes.








 
Table of Contents

 



Duke of Guise as Effigy, 1850-67, George Mccrae.

Dedication: 3

Table of Contents. 5

Preface. 17

Introduction. 19

Orientation. 24

Structure and Analysis. 25

The Beginning. 27

Thanksgiving Act, James I, 1605. 27

All the Guys: Disclosing Evil 29

The Mask-Are We Gazing upon the Face of Guy Fawkes?. 30

What did Guy Fawkes Look Like?. 31

Contemporary Images of Guy Fawkes. 33

The Plotter’s Group Portrait 33

The Hogenberg Group Portrait. 34

About Franz  Hogenberg, 34

HOGENBERG, Flemish Family of Artists. 35

Translation of German Text 35

Analysis of the Hogenberg Group Portrait 43

The Crispijn van de Passe the Elder Group Portrait. 44

Crispijn the Elder. 45

Comparison with Other Portraits. 46

Similar, Almost Identical Images in the Collection of the National Portrait Gallery, London... 48

A Group Portrait Published in Germany... 49

Persistent Credibility. 49

Icon or Portrait 49

Other Images. 50

The Head of Guy Fawkes. 50

Conclusion. 51

The Devil in the Vault?. 51

Conclusion. 55

Prince of Sinisters. 56

The Guy Fawkes Song. 56

What Does “Sinister” Look Like?. 56

Evolution of the Mask Design. 57

Hudibras. 57

Hudibras, Samuel Butler.1663-1678, Canto 2, Part III. 57

Masks in Celebration. 61

Masks in the News. 62

1846-NOTES OF CASE OF DEATH FROM FRIGHT (?) 63

1904 Frightened to Death by Mask. 65

1925-How nice it would be if everyone was compelled to wear a pleasing mask! 65

1932 BOY KILLED IN GUY FAWKES MASK.. 65

1937 GUY FAWKES MASK TRAGEDY.. 66

21st Century Examples. 69

From:  “Alan Moore – meet the man behind the protest mask” by Tom Lamont 69

Paradigms of Guying. 71

Disguise. 71

An Account of Disguise and Unrule-Violent Theft  Highway Robbery... 71

JAMES WHEELER, JOHN DENNIS, GEORGE DUFF, DANIEL JOHN QUAY, THOMAS GROVES, theft with violence : highway robbery, theft with violence : highway robbery, 4th December, 1828. 71

Guising  Vs. Masquerade. 74

Guising... 74

Mumming... 74

Masquerade.. 75

Accounts Of Unrule. 77

The Fifth of November.—Great apprehension… 4 November 1870... 77

Attack By Bonfire Boys, Lewes, Sussex, 1847. 78

Reaction Against “Un English” Masquerade Costuming Observations on the Doings in Lewes. 81

The Theology of the Effigy. 82

The Mock Execution and Burning of the Effigy of Haman. 82

Emblem VII. The Powder-Plot Anon., 1680. 84

Charivari/ Skimmington. 86

Chairing. 89

Chairing the Member? , Fawkes?, Terrorist?, Freedom Fighter?.. 89

The Shape Shifting Effigy. 91

Timeline Vs. Causality, Explanation and Inclusion... 92

Performing the Past?.. 95

Free Floating Signifiers. 97

Pagentry, Pre-Chairing... 100

Fawkes Chaired as Military Liberator/Outlaw/Gentleman... 106

Fawkes Chaired as Military Fool. 109

Fawkes Chaired as Harlequin Clown: 111

1835- From the Conclusion of: Harlequin and Guy Fawkes or the 5th of November. 112

Religious Effigy... 117

Effigy Iconography. 117

Sugarloaf Hat. 118

Lanthorn... 120

Matches. 121

Clay Pipe.. 121

1842- AN AMERICAN LADY, Charles Dickens. 121

Henry Mayhew, London Labour and the London Poor: Volume 3, 1851. 122

Long Nose.. 122

1679-November 18, Lewes, Sussex, Benjamin Harris ,  The Domestick Intelligence, No. 39. 122

Effigy Engineering. 123

Other than Fawkes. 123

Aerial Guy... 124

An Aerial Guy Fawkes. 124

An Aerial Guy Fawkes. 124

The Aerial Guy Fawkes. 125

Giant Guys. 125

THE UNEXHIBITED CARTOON OF GUY FAWKES. BY GEORGE CRUIKSHANK.. 126

Smug a Guy or A Man for a Guy! 128

1793- Guy Fawkes Or The Fifth of November a Prelude in One Act 129

Lamb as Fawkes 1848. 133

Pole Guys. 134

Beheaded Guys. 135

Decapitated Guy... 135

Chaired Guys. 137

Pram/Barrow/Cart/Modified Pram guys. 138

Hung Guy... 142

Also Seen on the Bonfire.. 145

Fawkes at Sea.. 148

About Gunners. 148

Salutes: Royal Navy. 148

1751--52 George Washington,Voyage to Barbados. 149

1776-Halifax. 149

1799-Wreck of the Sceptre. 149

1852-7 ? Melvile Island. 149

November, 1857- In Search of Sir John Franklin. 150

1858-Fox-November, 1858. 150

1870-1875-  At The Southern Cross. 151

1877-Man of War. 152

1874 Perrin. 152

1876- Alert 153

1875-1876-Discovery. 153

1876- December 9, Lookout Floe. 154

Long Accounts Involving Effigies. 154

1827- William Hone, The Every-Day Book, London, 1827. 154

1837-RECOLLECTIONS OF GUY FAWKES. BY DOUGLAS JEKROLD. 155

1840- Manchester, Louis Hayes. 159

Henry Mayhew, London Labour and the London Poor: Volume 3, 1851. 161

Nicholas Patrick Wiseman. 174

"The Guys “. 175

"Guy Fawkes on the South Coast" 176

39.  Guy Fawkes in Effigy, 1828. 177

1881 London Illustrated News. 178

1895- Fashions for the Fifth, Punch Magazine. 179

The Fifth of November and Guy Fawkes,  In Guernsey... 182

Edith Carey, in the Report and Transactions of the Soc. Guernesiaise , 1931: 183

THE PASSING OP GUY FAWKES, Guernsey, 1915. 183

Copy of Handbill 185

“Guy Fawkes Day in London. “, M.A.D., 185

“A gift of God”. 188

1981- Meanings of the Guy Fawkes Ritual based upon academic study: 192

Effigies/ Tableaux in the News. 192

1600. 193

1700. 200

1800. 210

1900. 248

2000. 296

Crime In the News. 296

GEORGE HOOKER, THOMAS BATES, theft with violence: highway robbery, 14th December, 1785. 296

1799- Lewes, Susses. 297

JANE THOMPSON, MARY RATCLIFF, theft : specified place, theft : receiving stolen goods, 14th January, 1824. 298

JOSEPH BIGG, theft with violence: robbery, 29th November, 1832. 298

1853- TO THE EDITOR OF THE TIMES. 301

11 Extraordinary Outrage by Boys- November 1862, Page 5, col c. 302

19 November 1881 page 10 col b. 303

1886- Southwark. 303

1887, November 5 - Worthing, Sussex. 303

1930- Guy Fawkes Day in London. 304

7 November 1938 pg. 19, col D.. 305

7 November, 1949 pg 4 col G, Guy Fawkes Night Incidents. 306

9 March, 1953, pg. 3, col D. - “Turbulent” Bonfire Night 307

Conclusion. 308

Other News Items. 308

1854 Anatomy of A Russian Guy Fawkes. 308

Chants, Bonfire Prayers, Rhymes, and The Amphibrach. 310

Amphibrach. 310

The Anthropology of it All 311

Representative Chants. 312

Northamptonshire:... 312

Sussex. 313

1998, Linthicum, Maryland, The Center for Fawkesian Pursuits. 314

Center For Fawkesian Pursuits Chant Commemorative of 9/11. 315

Music Associated with the Celebration. 316

The Guy Fawkes Song. 316

Yorkshire, God Save the King and Britons, Strike Home. 317

c. 1619, God Save the Queen, John Bull 317

c. 1865, Jolly Dogs, We're All Jolly Dogs, Such Jolly Dogs Are We.  Or, Slap Bang, Here we are, Again. Or, The School of Jolly Dogs , Harry Copeland. 318

Lancashire Cob Coaling Songs. 321

The Greenfield, Saddleworth (North Oldham) version. 321

Cob Coaling Song. 322

1695, Britons, Strike Home!, Henry Purcell 323

Britons Strike Home. 323

1907, Sussex by the Sea, William Ward-Higgs. 328

Pope Effigies. 330

Pope Clement VIII (1592-March/1605)  330

Pope Leo XI-1605. 332

Pope Paul V 1605-1621. 333

The Pope in Procession 1708. 335

Sermons. 336

John Edwards, Gunpowder Plot Sermon, 1709-10 Cambridge. 336

Bonfire Clergy and Sermons. 353

Saturday, 19 November, 1831, Huddersfield, BURNING A BISHOP IN EFFIGY! 353

Thursday, 10 November, 1831. Huddersfield.—.. 355

1867-The Speech of the "Lord Bishop of Lewes" 356

1879-Lewes, Sussex. 357

1895-The Speech of the "Lord Bishop of Cliffe,"  Lewes, Sussex, England. 357

1906-THE CLIFFE SOCIETY, Lewes, Sussex. 359

1994-A Bonfire Sermon, Archbishop of the Cliffe. 360

A few thoughts on this sermon. 361

2003-The Address of the Archbishop of the Cliffe Bonfire Society. 362

Sermons in the News. 367

Sunday, 10 November, 1839, GUY  FAUX IN THIE PULPIT. 367

Processions. 372

Example of Bonfire Event Planning, Hastings, Sussex, 1998... 372

Challenges in the 21st Century. 377

7th July 2015 Fletching Bonfire Society. 377

Processions in the News. 378

1679-November 18, Lewes, Sussex, Benjamin Harris ,  The Domestick Intelligence, No. 39, 378

Pageantry Procession: “The Solemn Mock Procession of the Pope Cardinals Jesuits Friars etc. Through the City of London November 17, 1679, (the anniversary of Queen Elizabeth's Accession)” A Whig protest relating to The Exclusion Bill Parliament 379

Robert Merry’s Museum, “The boys of London on Guy Fawkes’s Day”, 1848, 380

1850-THE FIFTH OF NOVEMBER. 382

1878- Punch- “Grown-Up Bonfire Boys”. 384

1886 Punch Magazine. 386

Tuesday November 6, 1888 Sussex Daily News "Guy Fawkes Day Celebrations": "Annual Carnival at Lewes". 386

1902-Lewes, Sussex, THE CLIFFE SOCIETY.. 387

1909- The Surviving Fantasticals. 389

Procession-Hastings Borouough Bonfire Society with Nick Lynas at Battle, Sussex, 2012. 390

West Country Carnival 391

Bridgewater Carnival 393

Newsreels. 398

Bonfires. 399

Stages for All the Worlds. 399

Definition:Chub. 405

Sites for Bonfires. 405

Composition of Bonfire:. 405

Bonfire Construction. 405

Guy On Top... 405

Lumber Stacked/Architectural. 406

Pallet Bonfire.. 406

History of Bonfires. 407

Descriptions of Bonfires. 411

1878- Hardy on Bonfires 3 -The Custom of the Country... 411

1912-Chesterton Describes Bonfires-- THE WRONG INCENDIARY.... 415

1827- William Hone :about London Bonfires. 417

LEWES BONFIRE CELEBRATIONS 2001. 417

Lewes, Sussex, 1998... 418

Lewes Bonfire 1997... 419

The Center For Fawkesian Pursuits-America's Only (?) Bonfire Society!   Linthicum, Md.,  1997... 420

From: DERRICK GIBSON-HARRIES (Northern Ireland). 422

Bonfire Societies. 423

The Sussex Bonfire Society Tradition... 423

Bibliography- 423

Generic Bonfire Society Rules c.2015... 424

Badges. 428

Tableaux. 429

Torches. 430

Chestnut Coppice Cultivation... 430

Torchmaking! 431

The Hastings Borrough  Bonfire Society Method for Making Torches. 431

Thanks to the late Gerry Glenister of the Hastings Bonfire Society! 432

Torch Making Method II. 433

Long General accounts of Celebration. 436

1853- London Illustrated News. Nov. 5, 1853, Recollections of the Fifth of November, And the way in which it is Generally "Remembered", Horace Mayhew.. 436

1863 “THE FIFTH OF NOVEMBER.” In:  Boy's Yearly Book, John Tillotson. 439

1897: William Shepard Walsh, Curiosities of Popular Customs and of Rites, Ceremonies, Observances, and Miscellaneous. 443

1900--Firminger, Thiselton-Dyer, British popular customs present and past illustrating the Social and Domestic Manners. 448

Bonfires in the News. 450

1600. 451

1700. 454

1800. 457

1900. 471

Foods. 497

The Theology of Feasting. 497

1613, OF THE PRACTICE OF PIETY IN HOLY FEASTING. 497

Events. 498

1610, Details of a Slap Up Dinner. 498

1617 Great Feast 498

c.1630, Indulgence. 498

1658, Gunpowder Treason dinner, 499

Beverages. 499

Guy Fawkes Punch... 499

Jacket Potatoes. 500

Sausages. 500

Cumberland Sausage.. 500

Cambridge Sausage.. 500

Lincolnshire Sausage.. 501

Oxford Sausage.. 501

Gloucester Sausage.. 501

Cakes Made for Guy Fawkes Day. 501

Thar Cake/Tharf Cake/Parkin... 502

Parkin. 502

We Keep Eating Parkin, That's Why We Are So Brown... 502

Parkin Pigs. 503

Thar/Tharf Cake. 503

1895-Tharf Cake, Derbyshire. 503

Yorkshire Parkin. 503

Parkin, Tharf Cake and November 5th. 504

Thar-Cake History. 505

1842- Thar-cake. 506

Hard Honey Tharf Cakes/Parkins. 507

Bakestone Parkin with Honey. 507

1830- A Bakestone Parkin with Treacle. 508

Treacle Parkin, Oven-Baked. 508

Beer Parkin, Yorkshire. 509

Modern Parkin from Huddersfield. 509

1899-Yorkshire Parkin. 510

c. 1940- Thor Cakes, Derbyshire Mrs Nixon, White Lodge Cottage, Baslow near Bakewell 510

Yorkshire Parkins,  Mrs. A. Eley, Snydale, Wakefield. 511

Scotch Perkins. 511

Yorkshire Parkin. 512

Yorkshire Parkin. 512

THORCAKE.. 513

Thar-Cake Recipe. 514

Plain Tharf Cake or Bannock. 514

Bonfire Treacle Toffee. 515

1876... 515

1881. 515

1883... 515

Bonfire Toffee Recipes. 515

Bonfire Toffee. 515

Bonfire Toffee Apples. 516

Tom Trot 517

1893- “Tom Trot, The Penny Post” (8th S., ii, 189), 518

Conkies. 518

Plum Pudding. 519

Lady Franklin’s Plum Pudding. 519

... 519

1883- Christmas Pudding, The Buckeye Cookbook. 520

Bonfire Night Pit Turkey: Center for Fawkesian Pursuits. 521

Other Customs. 524

Bell Ringing. 524

Mischief Night 525

Riot 525

Riot in the News. 525

1751- Gentleman's Magazine.. 525

1863- October:  Dartford... 525

6 November 1863 Page 5 col d, Guy Fawkes’  Day at Guildford... 526

23 November 1863 Page 12 col d, Riot at Guildford. 527

28 November 1863,  Page 10 col d. 528

Disgraceful Riot at Malton, 7 November 1867... 529

Guy Fawkes Riot.—8 November 1876 page 5 col. f. 529

6 November 1953 pg. 8 col F,  Guy Fawkes Day “Rags”. 529

West End Crowds. 530

6 November 1959 pg. 12 col C -Over 150 Arrests in West End... 530

7 November, 1959 pg. 6, col D, A Guy Fawkes Night of Violence and Rowdyism.... 531

Tar Barrels. 533

Ottery St. Mary. 534

Accounts- 1630-1700s. 534

1774-Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A.. 535

1837, Lewes. 535

1841- Lewes, Sussex. 536

1842--Lowell, U.S.A, Pope Night 537

1847, Lewes Sussex. 538

1853, Mayhew on Tar Barrels. 538

1853, Lewes, Sussex. 539

1855- Lewes, Sussex-. 539

1885- November: Worthing, Sussex. 539

Tuesday November 6, 1888,  Lewes, Sussex,  Sussex Daily News. 540

1889- Lewes, Sussex. 540

1895- Norwich , Conn. USA.. 540

11/11/65- Devon Playing With Fire. 541

29/12/66- Blazing Barrels. 541

Beat folks with Sinews. 541

Push Penny. 541

Durham... 542

1872- Mr. Cuthbert Carlton... 542

A Curious Durham Custom Called "PUSH Penny" (Vol. iv. 41)—....... 543

Fireworks. 544

The Lewes Rouser. 544

The Origins of Gunpowder- How did it become a factor?. 546

The Gunpowder of the Plot- How did they get it?. 549

Paul Durst, Intended Treason, 1970. 550

Antonia Fraser, The Gunpowder Plot: Terror and Faith in 1605,1996. 555

Fireworks- The Gunpowder Fawkes Did not Ignite! 557

A Short History of Fireworks. 558

Firework chemicals and their Effects... 562

The British Tradition.... 563

Regulations. 565

The (British) Firework Code.. 565

THE EXPLOSIVES (FIREWORKS) REGULATIONS (NI) 1999... 566

THE FIREWORKS (SAFETY) REGULATIONS 1997... 567

Fireworks in the News. 568

1600. 568

1647 - Details of Firework Display -London... 568

1800. 569

GUNPOWDER CELEBRATIONS, 1845... 569

Cannon, 10, November,  1858... 570

4 November, 1870, Page 6, col b. 570

5 November 1877 Page 10 col e.. 572

7 November 1881 Page 9 col 5... 572

7 November 1898... 572

1900. 573

1955- Fanfare for Fireworks, Fawkes, and the Fifth... 573

5/11/45 , Pease To Remember. 574

5 November 1952... 574

6 November 1954, 38 Arrests at Lewes Guy Fawkes Revel, pg. 6, col G.... 574

7 November,  1955 ,  pg. 4 , col E... 575

1955- Quieter Guy Fawkes Nights. 575

5 November 1957-Andy Capp... 576

The Importance of Public Perception of Gunpowder. 577

Poor Robin’s Almanac 1695... 577

Nicholas Asherton from Lancashire, Nov. 5, 1617. 577

Thomas Campion, De Pulverea Coniuratione, Book One, 1612-1613. 577

John Milton: In proditionem Bombardicam, 1626. 581

John Dunne c. 1620-1625, MS Royal 17.B.XX (British Library). 581

From the Trial of the Conspirators. 582

1605- James I, The King's Book... 584

1845-A Warning! 584

Conclusion. 586

For Reflection From the Critics. 587

Hudibras Redivivus: OR, A Burlesque POEM ON THE TIMES, Edward (Ned) Ward, 1708. 587

November 1835, “Gunpowder Plot”, From: The Coimic Almanack., 598

3 November 1871 OUR GUY FAWKES DAY.. 600


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